Sunday, July 02, 2006

Everyone Knows You've Caused Me A Certain Pain.

Wheeling is a city in West Virginia, in the United States. Most of the city is in Ohio County, with a small part in Marshall County. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 31,419 (31,059 in Ohio County, 360 in Marshall County). It is the county seat of Ohio CountyGR6.

Wheeling was the location of the Wheeling Convention, which established the state of West Virginia, and was the first capital city of the state.


1 Geography

2 Demographics
2.1 Past population figures

3 Government

4 Attractions

5 Higher education

6 Entertainment

7 Media

8 People from Wheeling

9 See also

10 External links


Wheeling is located at 40°4′13″N, 80°41′55″W (40.070348, -80.698604)GR1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.0 km² (15.8 mi²). 36.0 km² (13.9 mi²) of it is land and 4.9 km² (1.9 mi²) of it (12.07%) is water.

The Fort Henry Bridge carries I-70, US 40, and US 250 across the Ohio River, Wheeling, West Virginia

Wheeling Creek flows through the city, and meets the Ohio River in downtown Wheeling.

The city is located both on the West Virginia side of the Ohio River and on an island in the middle of the river called Wheeling Island.


As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 31,419 people, 13,719 households, and 7,806 families residing in the city. The population density was 872.1/km² (2,258.4/mi²). There were 15,706 housing units at an average density of 436.0/km² (1,128.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.72% White, 4.99% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 13,719 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.89.

The age distribution is 20.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,388, and the median income for a family was $38,708. Males had a median income of $30,750 versus $22,099 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,923. About 13.1% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Past population figures

Historic U.S. Census population data for Wheeling:



















Under West Virginia law, cities may adopt the Manager-Mayor Plan. The elected mayor presides over meetings of the Wheeling City Council which is comprised of 6 members elected from geographic wards. City Council members serve four year terms. City Council also confirms executive nominations for members to various boards which have limited regulatory authority including the Planning Commission, the Board of Zoning Appeals, and the Traffic Commission.[1] The City Manager serves as Chief Executive and Administrative officer for the city.[2] The current Mayor of Wheeling is Nick Sparachane, and the current City Manager of Wheeling is Robert Herron.


Wheeling features several municipal parks including Oglebay Park and Wheeling Park. It is also the site of the Wheeling Suspension Bridge which was once the longest suspension bridge in the world. In 2004, a Cabela's outdoor retail store opened outside of Wheeling. It is to be the central feature in a new shopping complex outside of the city. Gaming has also come to Wheeling. Wheeling Island Racetrack and Gaming Center is located on Wheeling Island. It is home to greyhound racing and slots. The success of Wheeling Island Racetrack has generated much debate about further legalisation of gambling in the Wheeling area.

Higher education

The Wheeling area is home to West Liberty State College, a public four-year college, and a private Jesuit university, Wheeling Jesuit University. The main branch of West Virginia Northern Community College is also located in downtown Wheeling.

As elsewhere in West Virginia, K-12 schools are organized at the county level of government. The public school system, Ohio County Schools, consists of 13 schools. There are eight elementary schools, one K-8 school, four middle schools, and Wheeling Park High School. There are also exist several private and parochial schools including Wheeling Central Catholic High School, Mount de Chantal Academy, and the Linsly Institute.


Wheeling has an old-style theatre, the Capitol Music Hall. The Music Hall was home to a popular radio program in the early forties, It's Wheeling Steel, featuring musical performances by workers at a local steel plant. Nowadays, the Music Hall welcomes musical performances of all types. It is also the performance hall of the Wheeling Symphony Orchestra. It has also served as the home for Jamboree USA. The Capitol Music Hall is the largest theatre in the state of West Virginia, with some 2,500 seats. Wheeling is also home to the Wheeling Nailers hockey team. The Nailers play in the WesBanco Arena (formerly the Wheeling Civic Center), and participate in the North division, American Conference of the ECHL.


Due to its close proximity to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Wheeling is heavily influenced by Pittsburgh's broadcast media outlets which are easily received in the area. In addition to the Pittsburgh outlets the Wheeling television market is served by CBS affiliate WTRF-TV Channel 7, UPN affiliate WVTX-CA Channel 28, and NBC affiliate WTOV Channel 9 in nearby Steubenville, Ohio.

Wheeling Radio is home to WWVA 1170 AM, the state's only 50,000 watt AM station which can be heard throughout the East Coast at night. WVLY 1370 AM and WKKX 1600 AM provides local news, sports, and talk. On the FM dial WVKF 95.7, WKWK 93.7, and WGEW 107.5 provides the area with various music genres. The Wheeling area is also the home of WVJW, a listener supported commercial-free station which also serves as the local Pacifica affiliate. A number of translators and repeater stations provide NPR and American Family Radio networks.

The city is home to The Intelligencer and Wheeling News-Register newspapers. The Intelligencer is published weekday mornings and Saturdays, while the News-Register is published weekday afternoons and Sundays. The Times-Leader of Martins Ferry, Ohio, also covers Wheeling issues. In rare cases (although more frequently in the past), the Pittsburgh Post Gazette, which is distrubuted in and around Wheeling as an "outlining area", will also report on Wheeling issues, but mostly if it only affects those in the Pittsburgh area, as well (although this has also changed due to many residents in and around Wheeling reading the Post Gazette more often).


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